Во время выполнения теста по аудированию перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмот — 54
Реть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов. По окончании выполнения всего раздела "Аудирование" перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов.
Вы услышите 6 Высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В за дании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
A. The speaker says that the first lamps were linked with religion.
B. The speaker comes to the conclusion that electricity is a powerful and convenient way of getting light.
C. The speaker thinks that torches, candles, and oil lamps are important ways of getting light.
D. The speaker is confident that people conquered the darkness with the help of fire.
E. The speaker says that for a long time fire was the main source of light in the darkness.
F. The speaker is sure that the Sun is the most important source of light.
G. The speaker believes that natural gas may be a source of light.
Вы услышите разговор мужа и жены. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1—А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), Какие не соответствуют (2 — False) И о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not Stated). Обведите Номер Выбранного Вами Ответа. Вы Услышите Запись Дважды.
Al The Primary School Christmas Party is on the seventeenth of December.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2 Mr. Small is very busy these days.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3 The Primary School phoned at one o’clock.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4 Mr. Small became angry because he didn’t want to be Father Christmas.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5 Mrs. Small wanted to be Father Christmas, too.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6 Mr. Small phoned and refused to be Father Christmas.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7 Mr. Small decided to be Father Christmas and to put on the Father Christmas costume.
1) True 2) False 3) Notstated
Bbi Услышите рассказ мужчины о своей школе. В заданиях А8—А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 Или 3, Соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A8 Alien was nervous because
1) he was afraid of his former headmaster.
2) he did not want to see the changes in his old school.
3) he was going back after fifteen years.
A9 Allen recognised
1) everything in his school.
2) only his old classroom.
3) the staffroom and the headmaster’s study.
AlO The teachers in the staffroom were
1) talking and writing.
2) talking, reading and working.
All The teachers in the staffroom
1) saw Allen.
2) did not want to see Allen.
3) did not see him.
Al2 The laboratories Vvere
1) new and modern.
2) old but well-equipped.
3) the same.
A13 The pupils in the laboratories
1) were running and shouting.
2) making great noise.
3) were working.
Al 4 Allen
1) did not recognize the old headmaster.
2) recognized the headmaster at once.
3) hardly recognized the headmaster.
По окончании выполнения заданий Bl И А1—А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания Bl, Al—Al4 Располагаются в разных частях бланка. Bl Расположено в нижней части бланка. При переносе ответов в задании Bl Буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
L*⅛ X∙ Л. —V FC 4-Λa∖ C* ⅛R
Установите соответствие между заголовками A—H И текстами 1—7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
A. Clothes аге different
B. Hydrogen cars
C. Travel tips for hot weather
D. Water circulation
E. Vanilla Orchid
F. A risky water sport
G. The significance of water
H. A legendary plant
1 A Native American legend says that the water lily was once a star. It fell from the sky and, striking the water, it changed into a flower. Other tales date from ancient times. The Roman writer Pliny the Elder in his Natural History wrote that water lilies were an antidote for magic love potions. The water lily, "queen of the water", is found in shallow ponds, in slow-moving streams, and on the borders of lakes where the soil is rich.
2 Kitesurfing is a new exciting water sport for the new millennium. It is rather a young sport. The idea of the sport is that a kitesurfer stands on a board with foot straps and uses the power of a large controllable kite to move him and his board across the water. It may seem simple but it is challenging as well because your body is the only connection between the kite and the board and you have to control them both at the same time.
3 The water on the Earth is always in continuous movement on, above and below the surface of the Eειrth. Once the rain water hits the ground it becomes either surface water or ground water. This is the part of the process known as the water cycle. Since the water cycle is truly a "cycle", there is no beginning or end.
4 , Wear a hat. Floppy cotton ones with brims are the most practical, and you can make them wet with cool water. Not only does the cool water give instant relief, but as it evaporates from the top it’ll act like a tiny refrigeratoι. Flip flops instead of boots would also be a nice thing when you are dying of immense heat. Even if you are a mad dog, stay out of the midday sun. Get up early, when it’s cool, and stay out late.
5 Water is necessary for life. Millions of years ago the first forms of life on Earth grew in the sea. Although today many plants and animals are able to live on land, they still need water. This Ufe-Sustaining liquid makes up most of the animal blood or plant sap that nourishes living tissues.
6 Mass-produced cars that used petrol were brought to the market by Henry Ford in 1903. Now William Clay Ford1 his great-great-grandson, says that finally we will end up using cars fuelled by hydrogen. Big car companies including Toyota, BMW, Honda, General Motors and Nissan are already developing hydrogen cars that do not cause pollution, or add to global warming; they only emit water.
7 One of the biggest shocks when you arrive in a new. country can be the clothes people are wearing. You may look fashionable at home, but you suddenly find you are behind the times or simply someone to laugh at when you arrive abroad.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1—6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A—G. Одна из частей в списке A—G Лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
It is impossible to imagine our life without computers 1 _____ . But it is interesting to find that computer work is among the 40 most health damaging jobs. According to the latest researches, computers do not improve our health and that they can seriously damage our system 2__________
. People for whom computer work is their bread and butter have the most health complaints because of muscle and joint diseases.
Excessive computer use for more than a few hours on a daily basis can easily increase the risk of neck, shoulder and back problems. Additionally, light-touch keyboards that permit high speed typing, and constant mouse and trackball use, greatly damage affected nerves and tissues in the hands over a period of time.
In the early stages of this condition, fatigue, numbness and a general discomfort of the affected area are felt. Coldness, or numbness in the hands, may also be present. You may also feel a loss of strength and coordination in your hands. These symptoms usually occur only after prolonged activity and stop 3.
There are many steps you can take 4 . A first step is to place the computer monitor in a position that is lower and further away from you. Make sure to sit straight. You should not have to stretch forward to reach the keys or read what is on the screen by choosing the appropriate font size on your screen. Be sure to move around and frequently shift your position. Arise from your seat and move around every 30 minutes. Placing your mouse or trackball device in close proximity to your keyboard can also help 5.
One of the bad aspects of computer use is that even the children who cannot read and write yet, are already used to this machine. They develop at a very early age the habit of playing on the computers for hours on end.
Excessive recreational computer use, such as video games for an extended period of time causes a lot of problems. So, take stretching breaks every few minutes. Do balanced exercises 6 . Relax in a warm bath or shower at the end of a long work day.
A. Which never stops surprising
B. When the activity is ended
C. Such as walking on a daily basis
D. Avoid shoulder and neck strains
F. To Prevent all this
F. Because almost everything involves the use of it
G. When they are not properly used
Прочитайте отрывок из рассказа и выполните задания А15—А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 Или 4, Соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
We had an enormous apple tree in our garden only a few yards from the kitchen window.
,’We really must cut the tree down," my husband said, soon after we moved into the house. ‘Tm sure it’s dangerous."
"Don’t be silly," I said. I quite liked the tree myself. "It’s quite safe. It isn’t going to fall down on the house!"
"Well, I read something in the paper only the other day," he said. "A tree crashed into a woman’s bedroom during a storm. She was going to get rid of the tree — and now she’s in hospital!"
In the end, after several arguments of this kind, we asked a couple of workmen to come along and cut the tree down. It was not an easy job. In fact, it took them all morning. But at last the tree was lying on the ground.
"What about the roots?" the men asked. "Shall we take them out too or leave them?"
"Oh, take them out," I said. “Let’s make a good job of it!"
This took all afternoon and I was beginning to think about the size of the bill! There was also a big hole in the garden!
"You’ll be able to put all your old rubbish in there!" the men said as they left.
My husband climbed down into the hole and began to look around.
"Hey, look!" he called up to me. "There are some old coins here! And I think they’re gold!"
I climbed down into the hole and we started to dig around, hoping to find some more coins. We did — and we also found a small metal box. We broke it open. It was full of jewellery — rings, necklaces and bracelets!
"Gosh!" I said, “I suppose someone hid these things in the ground — perhaps during a war!"
"They’re probably worth a small fortune!" my husband said. "Well, aren’t you glad now that you got rid of that old tree?"
¾3⅜ The man wanted to get rid of the apple tree because it was
1) too near the house.
2) rather big.
3) too old.
A16 The man’s wife
1) thought the tree was dangerous.
2) liked the tree.
3) couldn’t stand the tree.
4) wanted to plant flowers near the tree.
After long arguments the woman
1) went to hospital.
2) helped to cut the tree down.
3) phoned two workmen.
4) agreed to cut the tree down.
The men who came to cut the tree down
1) worked during the storm.
2) argued a lot.
3) had to work hard.
4) were lazy and talkative.
A19 The workmen made a big hole because
1) they were looking for money.
2) they wanted to hide some rubbish.
3) they took out the roots of the tree.
4) they wanted to plant another tree, f
A2Q When the man climbed down into the hole, he found
1) some money.
2) some rubbish.
3) some apples.
4) an ancient Roman statue.
A21 Later, the man and his wife found a box. The things in the box were
По окончании выполнения заданий B2, ВЗ и Al5— А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания B2, B3LА15—А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4—В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4—В10.
What are Submarines Powered by?
B4 The first modern military submarine by a combination of diesel and electric engines.
B5 It was developed by the Irish inventor John P. Holland in 1901. Many submarines still work in the same way today. The first true submarines to appear at the end
Of the 19th century in France and the United States.
B6 When on the surface, a diesel engine is used to
Drive the propeller and push the submarine through the water. An electric motor is used for underwater operations.
B7 Since 1954, many submarines on nuclear-powered engines.
B8 These enable submarines hidden underwater for
Months at a time without refueling.
SI Submarines that for oceanographic research bear little resemblance to the military vessels. Because most research submarines are designed primarily to operate on the floor of the ocean, they are relatively small and have limited power.
И8ЯSuch submarines are called submersibles. In 1986 the submersible Alvin the wreck of the sunken
Ocean liner Titanic at a depth of about 3r960 metres.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11—В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11—В16.
Ц Water, water, everywhere, but not a lot to drink. If we don’t use this most natural resource
Wisely we will pay dearly.
Щ Water is the most important resource for life on the planet. But is too easily taken for granted. With dry weather and increases in demand, it is important that we all use water wisely to make sure there continues to be enough water levels left in rivers and wetlands to support a rich and varied wildlife.
MMSaving water also saves money. Anyone who lives in, or buys, a built home has their water metered and pays for what they use.
B14 Low water can also choose to switch to water meters to save money.
B15 But everyone could benefit if we all
Used less water. There is no new water on earth.
B16 All our water is recycled and needs
Before we can use it at home and that costs money.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22—А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22—А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
It was a ringing frost. It was snowing. A22 snow
Lay on the track as the doctor struggled slowly against a biting wind to the lonely farmhouse. Snow-drifts surrounded him from all ¾⅞3. The sky was ¾¾⅜With dense clouds. The doctor was out of sorts. It must have been two hours A2j⅛he left the cosy warmth of his consulting-room in the small town to visit the old woman who A26 sick in this deserted spot. He wondered, as he had so often done before, why he had chosen this remote district to practise in. Was he too honest or merciful? He knew that all his friends worked in big cities for large A27. And only he had chosen A28 practice in a small town.
A22 1) Profound
A23 1) sectors
По окончании выполнения заданий В4—В16, А22— А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4—В16, А22—А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4—В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Для ответов на задания Cl, С2 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №2.
При выполнении заданий Cl И С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ №2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом.
При заполнении БЛАНКА ОТВЕТОВ №2 Указывайте сначала номер задания Cl, С2, а потом пишите свой ответ.
Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону бланка.
You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking penfriend Sam who writes:
… At Achoot we але doing a project on the gxeateAt muAeumA in the woxtd. Але thzfιe any tange and ⅛amouA muAeumA and axt gattexieA excepting the Hexmitage in youx country? Coutd you tett me about them? Whexe але they Aituated? What do they exhibit?
By the way, we bought a υexy nice puppy a £ew dayA ago…
Write a letter to Sam.
In your letter
• answer his Cpiestions
• ask 3 questions About his new pet
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Many people believe that being young means a lot of fun and entertainment, but some say that it is not so easy.
Wħat is your opinion? Is it easy to be young?
Write 200~250 words.
. -. ‘ ∙r . * F r ■■ ■ L ∙. ■- -‘■ .
• make an introduction (state the problem)
• express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
• give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it
• draw a conclusion