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№1

Great Britain lies to the northwest of

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_________ Europe. With a population of

CONTINENT

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About 60.0 million people, it is the third most _________ island in the world, after Java and

POPULATE

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Honshu. Politically, Great Britain also refers to the island itself together with a number of islands which constitute the ter-

SURROUND

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Ritory of England, Scotland and Wales. Most of England, Scotland and Wales are on the is — land of Great Britain, as are their_________________

RESPECT

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Capital cities: London, Edinburgh and Car­diff. The Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the________________ union of the kingdoms of

POLITICS

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England and Scotland with the Acts of Union 1707. The relatively limited variety of fauna and flora on the island is due to its size and the fact that wildlife has had little time to develop since the last____________________ period.

GLACIER

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№2 ______ Women’s Day is marked on

NATION

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March, 8 every year. In___________ regions

DIFFER

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The focus of the__________ ranges from par-

Ties to mass demonstrations in support of

CELEBRATE

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Women’s economic,____________ and social

POLITICS

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Achievements. In some regions, the day lost its flavor and became

ORIGIN

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An occasion for men to express their love for

SIMPLE

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Women.

№3

Apersonwhoreceivesan to a cos-

INVITE

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Tume party has the perfect__________ to find

An outfit that will be the hit of the occasion. Some people choose costumes that reflect their ________________ . For example, a man who’s

OPPORTUNE

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PERSONAL

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An__________ type may peruse’ the selection

ADVENTURE

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Of pirate costumes. Other people prefer to dress up as someone or something that is com­pletely unexpected. Regardless of a person’s costume____________ , you can choose whatev-

PREFER

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Er you want. A teen is sure to find a costume in that catches the_____________ of fellow partiers.

ATTENTIVE

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№4

She supposed that it had something to do with the fact that when the divorce papers fι- nally arrived, she felt as if a little part of her had died. That initial she felt had

ANGRY

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Turned to. and now it had become

SAD

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Something else, almost a _____ of sorts.

DULL

Even though she was___________ in motion,

It seemed as if nothing special ever happened

CONSTANT

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To her anymore. Each day seemed__________

EXACT

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Like the last, and she had trouble differential — ing among them. One time, about a year ago, she sat at her desk for fifteen minutes trying to remember the last________________________ thing she’d

SPONTANEITY

Done. She couldn’t think of anything.

‘ peruse — внимательно рассматривать

I 138

∣ Word Formation Practice

 

№5

 

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…But there are a lot of_________ with

COMPLICATE

 

Money and with the house that you wouldn’t understand. You were born in England and

 

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You have started your___________ there and

He wants you to contitue going to English schools.

"Oh, Grandmamma!" I cried. "You don’t want

EDUCATE

 

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To go and live in our_____________ house, I

Know you don’t!"

"Of course, I don’t," she said. "But I am

ITALY

 

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Afraid I must.. It is___________ to repect the

Wishes of the parents."

There was no way out of it. We had to go to Italy, and my grandmother started making

SIGNIFY

 

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_________ at once.

ARRANGE

 

On the evening before we left for Italy, my

 

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Grandmother got on to her____________ sub­

Ject once again.

PREFERENCE

 

№6

 

Copernicus measured and observed the plan­ets and stars. He gathered and compared the

 

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_________ of other astronomers. In so doing

OBSERVE

 

Copernicus challenged a 2,000-year-old be-

 

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Lief that the earth sat __________ at the cen­

Ter of the universe and that planets, sun and stars rotated around it. He was also the first to use scientific examination as the basis for

MOTION

 

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The__________ of a fundamental theory. Co­

Pernicus hoped to use "modern" (sixteenth-

DEVELOP

 

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Century) technology to improve on Ptolemy’s

 

_________ ■ Over. the years, Copernicus began

MEASURE

 

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To wonder what the__________ of the planets

Would look like from another moving planet. When his calculation based on this idea more

MOVE

 

Word Formation Practice ∣ 139 ∣

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________ predicted this process, he began to wonder what the motion of the planets would look like if the earth moved.

№7

Jupiter’s Moons was a discovery made possible

ACCURATE

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By an__________ — a telescope. Galileo saw

His first telescope in late 1608 and instantly

INVENT

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Recognized that a more___________ telescope

Could be the answer to the prayers of every as­tronomer.

In 1609 Galileo’s telescope was the first

POWER

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________ telescope for scientific use. Gali — Ieo first turned his telescope on the moon.

PRACTICE

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There he__________ saw mountains and val­

Leys. The moon that Galileo saw was radically different from the perfectly smooth sphere that Aristotle and Ptolemy said it was. Galileo next aimed his telescope at Jupiter, the biggest

CLEAR

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Planet, planning to___________ chart motion

CARE

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Over several months. To his____________ , he

Found moons circling the giant planet.

№8

The four young faces on which the firelight

AMAZE

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Shone brightened at the____________ words,

CHEER

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But darkened again as Jo said_________ , We

Haven’t got Father and shall not have him for a long time.’ She didn’t say ‘perhaps never,’

SAD

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But each________ added it, thinking of Father

Faraway, where the fighting was. Then Meg said in an altered tone, ‘You know the reason Mother proposed not having any presents this Christmas was because it is going to be a hard winter for everyone; and she thinks we ought

SILENT

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Not to spend money for____________ , when

Our men are suffering so in the army. We can’t

PLEASE

140

∣ Word Formation Practice

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Do much, but we can make our little sacrifιc — es and ought to do it_________________ . But I am

GLAD

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Afraid I don’t.’ And Meg shook her head, as she thought_____________ of all the pretty things

REGRET

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She wanted.

№9

As young____________ like to know ‘how

READ

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People look’, we will take this moment to give them a little sketch of the four sisters, who sat knitting away in the twilight, while the December snow fell with-

QUIET

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Out, and the fire crackled cheerfully within. It was a_________________ room, though the car-

COMFORT

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Pet was faded and the furniture very plain, for a good picture or two hung on the walls, books filled the recesses, chrysanthemums and Christmas roses bloomed in the windows, and a atmosphere of home peace per-

PLEASE

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Vaded it. Margaret, the eldest of the four, was sixteen and very pretty, being plump and fair, with large eyes. Fifteen — year-old Jo was very tall and thin. She had sharp, grey eyes, which appeared to see everything and were by turns fierce, funny or________________________ . Elizabeth, or

THOUGHT

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Beth, as everyone called her, was a rosy girl of thirteen, with a shy manner and a peaceful _________ which was seldom disturbed.

EXPRESS

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№10

There was calm in the Wormwood

COMPARE

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Household for about a week after the Superglue episode. The experience had clearly chastened Mr Wormwood and he seemed to

TEMPORARY

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Have lost his taste for boasting and bullying. Then______________ he struck again. Perhaps he

SUDDEN

Had had a bad day at the garage and had not

Sold enough crummy second-hand cars. There

B14

Are many things that make a man__________ IRRITATE

When he arrives home from work in the eve-

B15

Ning and a___________ wife will usually no — SENSE

Tice the storm-signals and will leave him alone until he simmers down. When MrWormwood arrived back from the garage that evening his face was as dark as a thundercloud and some­body was clearly for the high-jump pretty

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Soon. His wife__________ the signs immedi — RECOGNITION

Ately and made herself scarce.

№11

B11

"I hope you will know all the____________ ta- M ULTlPLICATE

Bles up to twelve. It will help you__________ if ENORMOUS

You do. Now then, do any of you happen to have learnt the two-times table already?" Matilda put up her hand. She was the only

B12

B13

One. Miss Honey looked____________ at the CARE

Tiny girl with dark hair and a round serious

Face sitting in the second row. "___________ ," WONDER

She said. "Please stand up and recite as much of it as you can." Matilda stood up and began to say the two-times table. When she got to twice twelve is twenty-four she didn’t stop. She went right on with twice thirteen is twenty-six, twice fourteen is twenty-eight, twice fifteen is thirty, twice sixteen is…""Stop!" Miss Hon-

B14

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Ey said. She had been listening_____________ SLIGHT

Spellbound to this smooth recital, and now she said, "How far can you go?""How far?" Matilda said. "Well, I don’t really know, Miss Honey. For quite a long way, I think." Miss Honey took a few moments to let this curi-

B16

Ous__________ sink in. "You mean", she said, STATE

"that you could tell me what two times twenty­eight is?""Yes, Miss Honey.""What is it?"

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B13

B14

B15

B16

"Fifty-six, Miss Honey.""What about some­thing much harder, like two times four hun­dred and eighty-seven? Could you tell me that?""I think so, yes," Matilda said. "Are you sure?""Yes, Miss Honey, Γm fairly sure."

№12

In the interval, Miss Honey left the classroom and headed straight for the Headmistress’s study. She felt excited. She had

Just met a small girl who possessed, or so it seemed to her, quite extraordinary qualities of. There had not been time yet to find out how brilliant the child

Was.

Miss Honey was terrified of the Headmistress and kept well away from her, but at this moment she felt ready to take on any­body. She knocked on the door of the dreaded private study. "Enter!" boomed the deep and voice of Miss Trunchbull. Miss Honey went in. Now most head teachers are chosen because they possess a number of fine qualities. They understand children and they have the children’s best interests at heart. They are. They are fair and they are deeply interested in education.

WILD

BRILLIANT

EXACT

NORMAL

DANGER

SYMPATHY

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№13

Just as Galileo used his telescope to open the human horizon to the planets and stars of space, so van Leeuwenhoek used his mi­croscope to open humanto the microscopic world that was invisibly small and that no one had even dreamed existed. Anton van Leeuwenhoek was born in 1632 in Delft, Holland. Completely self-taught, he learned enough maths to moonlight as a and read what he could about the natural world around him. He never learned any language other than Dutch, so he was nev­er able to read any of thepapers

And research. By 1673 van Leeuwenhoek had built a 270-power microscope that was able to see objects only one-one-millionth of a me­ter in length. Van Leeuwenhoek remained very about his work and never allowed others to see his microscopes or setup. Van Leeuwenhoek expanded his search for these unseeably small and found them

Every where: on human eyelashes, on fleas, in dust and on skin. He drew and described them with, precise drawings.

№14

Priestley’s discovery of oxygen sparked a revolution. He was the first person to isolate a singleelement in the

Mixture of gasses we call “air.” Before Priest­ley’s discovery, scientific study had focused B13 On metals. Because oxygen is a

Element of combustion, Priestley’s discovery also led to an understanding of what it means to burn something and to an understanding of theof matter into energy during

Different. Finally, Priestley estab­lished a simple but elegant and

Process for conducting analysis of new gases.

№15

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We now know that work, elec­

Tricity, momentum, heat, magnetic force, etc., can be converted from one to another. There is always a loss in the process but it can be done. That knowledge has been a tremen — B13 Dous help for the, of our industries and technologies. Only 200 years ago, the thought had not occurred to anyone. James Joule discovered that every form of energy could be converted into an equivalent amount of heat. Joule’s discovery was an foundation for the discovery of the law of conservation of energy. James Joule studied energy circuits. Often he experi­mented with little regard for— his or others. His results were inconclusive until Joule switched from water to liquid mercury. With this denser fluid, he proved

That the mechanical effort was converted to heat at a fixed rate. ∙

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CHEMISTRY

GAS

CENTER

CONVERSE

REACT

EFFECT

MECHANIC

DEVELOP

ESSENCE

ELECTRICITY SAFE

EASY

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